It’s really dependant on the building.  Sometimes it actually makes sense to use high embodied impact materials because they provide durability, but this is only justified in buildings that are likely to still be standing in 100 years or more.  It also depends on the interaction between thermal performance and the materials.  There’s often a few iterations involved to perfect the mix.  General rules of thumb though would be, for buildings with a short expected life span, light frame construction is preferable, for buildings with a long life span, the focus often has to be on reducing recurring impacts from maintenance activities (paint, carpets, plasterboard etc).  Natural finishes are a good way of combatting this.

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