Embodied Energy refers to the energy and/or carbon required to construct and maintain a building over its entire design life (click here to see LCA graphic).
Embodied Energy can be broken down into the following components:

  • Materials – Energy used to extract the raw materials and process them into useable building products available at the gate of the factory (“Cradle to Gate”).
  • Transport – Energy used to transport the building materials from the factory gate to the building site.
  • Assembly – Energy used to construct and create the building.
  • Recurring – Energy used to maintain and replace certain building elements over the entire life span of the building.
  • Demolition and Recycling – Energy used to demolish and recycle the building and feed the resultant materials back into the building materials “food chain”.

For more details please download our paper on the science of LCA in the built form here.

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